The abstract is usually one short paragraph which very quickly gives you all the main ideas of a research article. Abstracts help us find out if an article has the information we are looking for.
OK, so why is that important?
Think about research. When people do research, they must read other articles to find out what other researchers have already done. The problem is that there are often hundreds of research articles on the same topic. It’s like doing a Google search: You get too much information – too much to read.
How can an abstract help you?
The abstract should have a sentence which gives you the main idea of each section of the research article. Just to remind you, every research article should have the following sections:
Introduction section: This tells you the purpose of the research, why the research is important and the history of similar research.
Method and Procedures section: This tells you how the researchers conducted their study.
Results section: This tells you what the researchers found.
Discussion section: This tells you what their results mean, and often suggests directions for future research.
The sentences below come from an abstract. Each sentence gives you the main idea of a different section of the research article. Match these sentences to the sections in the table.