Evidence means the facts and figures on which a conclusion or interpretation can be based. However, people with different points of view may use the same evidence as a basis for different conclusions.
When you read an academic text, remember that the same evidence can be interpreted differently. This will help you to differentiate between the facts and figures - and the writer's interpretations of those facts and figures.
Unemployment Rates (statistics which show how many people do not have jobs)
New data show that the rate of unemployment rose from 8% to 10% this year.
Supporters of the government said that the rate of unemployment increased by 2% this year
(from 8% to 10% = 2%).
People who did not agree with the government's policy said that the rate of unemployment
increased by 25% this year (10% - 8% = 2% but 2:8 = 1:4 = 25%).
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