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indicate
Exercise 6 - Towards academic reading
The Use of "Hedges" in Academic Texts

In academic texts, the word indicate is often used as a "hedge". A "hedge" means that the writer uses a weaker word, for example "indicate" instead of a stronger word, like "prove". Another example of a hedge word is using the word "considerable" instead of "big". According to Prof. Ken Hyland, hedge words are a well-known feature of academic texts.

Why do writers use hedge words? Hyland's analyses of academic texts show these words enable writers to state their case with caution and precision. This helps writers to gain acceptance for their claims and reduce the chances of possible criticism and opposition to what they are claiming.
Read the paragraph and answer the question below.
Researchers conducted experiments on children's ability to concentrate in class. Results of these experiments indicate that eating breakfast helps children to concentrate on their studies.
Click on the 2 correct answers that best complete the sentence.

According to the paragraph, we understand that the connection between eating breakfast and concentrating in class is...

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