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Exercise 6 - Towards academic reading
There are two main types of research - qualitative research and quantitative research.

Qualitative research focuses on in-depth examinations of variables that can only be described in words. These variables cannot be counted, or measured in exact numbers - for example, people's attitudes, emotions and motivations. Instruments for collecting qualitative data include interviews or questionnaires with open-ended questions.

In contrast, quantitative research examines variables that can be measured in numbers. Research instruments for collecting quantitative data include questionnaires with "closed" questions, surveys and tests that produce exact measurements.

Both qualitative and quantitative research are important: They usually complement each other and provide different perspectives that help us gain a deeper understanding of the research topic.
Many studies have examined factors that affect university students' motivation.

The questions below come from qualitative and quantitative studies on this topic.

Sort these questions into 2 categories:

questions from a qualitative research study
questions from a quantitative research study

Drag and drop your answers into the table.

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