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variables
Exercise 6 - Towards academic reading
This exercise will help you understand the difference between independent and dependent variables.

Many research studies examine relationships between independent and dependent variables.

Independent variables are factors that affect or cause changes in other variables in a research study.

Dependent variables are affected by or are dependent on the independent variables in a research study.

Read the paragraph and answer the question below.
How quickly we learn new words and how well we remember them are variables that are affected by many factors. One variable is the length of the word; another is whether the word is easy to spell. An additional variable identified by researchers is whether a word is concrete or abstract. All of these factors relate to the words themselves. Recently, some researchers have found that the most important variable might be the student's motivation. Students who are highly motivated will learn new words much faster than students with low motivation levels.


Find the variables in the above paragraph.

Then sort these variables into 2 categories:

independent variables (affect the dependent variables)
dependent variables (are affected by or depend on the independent variables)

Drag and drop your answers into the table below.

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