()
Archaea(Archaebacteria)

,:-
.,,
,,Euryarchaeota:
,
Koraarchaeota,.,Crenarchaeota-
.

.
.

Thermoproteales:1
Thermoproteaceae

,-:
Thermoproteus
2.5-6pH.
.
(C78-95

Thermofilaceae

T.librum,-:Thermofilum
.,T.pendens-
.
Thermoproteus


Desulfurococcales:2
Desulfurococcaceae

,,-:
Desulfurococcus
pH.
.
(C75-955-7


Pyrodictiaceae

,-.:
Pyrodictium
80-110(C蠖.
.-.105(C

P.abyssi.P.brockii-P.occultum,
..




Sulfolobales:3
Sulfolobaceae

.:
Sulfolobus


.()-

:Methanogens-.II-I
Methanococci-,Methanobacteria

Methanobacteria
-.()25
-,Methanobrevibavter-Methanothrmus,Methanobacterium
,
Methanomicrobium,Methanospirillum,MethanococcusMethanococci
.Methanosarcina-Methanosaeta


-Halobacteria
--.III
,
(,-2.5NaCl-.15,
,.-5-4.5

.-

Halobacteriales:
Halobacteriaceae


,,:
Halobacteriumsalinarum
..
H.-H.cutirubrum,.bacteriorhodopsin
.
.,halobium

.
H.sodomense.Halobacterium-:Halorubrum
,()H.saccharovorum
H.trapanucum.H.lacusprofundi
.H.vacuolatum.,Trapany-

H.saccharolyticus.:Halococcus
.H.salifodinae-()H.morrhuae,()

H.volcanii
.:Haloferax
()H.mediterranei.
,H.denitrificans
.H.gibbonsii.
.,


H.vallismortis.,:Haloarcula
.,H.quadrata-H.marismortui,
.
H.hispanica

.
:Halobaculumgomorrense
.


Thermoplasmata--.IV

Thermoplasmatales:
Thermoplasmataceae

,
T.acidophilum-T.volcanicum,:Thermoplasma
...
.(7)

Picrophilaceae

,0.7
pH),:Picrophilus
.,P.torridus-P.oshimae,,,(pH=0.6-

⠖Thermococci--.V

Thermococcales:
Thermococcaceae

-,18
:Thermococcus
.70-95(C.

.-,4:Pyrococcus
.(100(C)70-106(C


-Archaeoglobi--.VI

Archaeoglobales:
Archaeoglobaceae

.,"":
Archaeoglobus
.,,-

.,"":
Ferroglobus
.,-


-Methanopyri--.VII

Methamnopyrales:
Methanopyraceae

,(
100(C),:Methanopyruskandleri
.(-2000)
.(unsaturateddibiphytanyl)
,


Made with e2 - 2

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.-2001"
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