)-Proteobacteria.1
(

-,-
:(classes)

aproteobacteria.1
bproteobacteria.2
gproteobacteria.3
dproteobacteria.4
eproteobacteria.5

,-""
""
.(Purplebacteriaandrelatives)

a-.I
-.-
:()
()


Rhodospirillales:1
Rhodospirillaceae-

.,:Rhodospirilum
R.rubrum,R.photometricum,()R.centenum
.R.sodomense-

.,,:Rhodospira

-.:Aquaspirillum
.A.itersonii-.b-

.
M.gryphiswaldense-M.magnetotacticum,:Magnetospirillum
..,(0.3(M)

:
Azospirillum
.rhizosphere-

Acetobacteraceae-

,,:
Acetobacter
A.xylinum.()
.


,
Acetobacter-:Gluconobacter
.CO2-(citricacidcycle)

.-0.8
,,:Stella


Rickettsiales:2
Rickettsiaceae-

,,-:
Rickettsia
,-,R.prowasekii.,
,-,
R.rickettsii.R.mooseri.
R..(RockeyMountainspottedfever)
R.typhi,(rickettsialpox),,akarii
,
,
R.israeli-,R.mongolotimonae,,R.conorii
tick-R.africae.R.helvetica.()
.
typhus

-,
Rickettsia,:Orientiatsutsugamushi
,scrubtyphus-(chiggers),
.


,,:
Wolbachiapipientis
-,,.
-,.rDNA
-A-E
.,(feminization),(parthenogenesis)
(speciation)

.



Ehrlichiaceae-

(Boophilusmicroplus)-:Anaplasmamarginale
.

Heartwater-:Cowdriaruminatum
.

,-:
Ehrlichia
,-,E.chafensis.
,
E.equi-,.(HME)
.E.ewingii.(HGE)
.

.
(Potomachorsefever)E.risticii


Rhodobacterales:3
Rhodobacteraceae-

.,8
:Rhodobacter
.R.sphaeroides.R.capsulatus

P.denitrificans.:Paracoccus
P.marcusii.
.


.,4:Rhodovulum


Sphingomonadales:4
Sphingomonadaceae-

,(
Pseudomonas):Sphingomonas
S.paucimobilis..((C18-22)
.

.,:Erythrobacter

,-:Zymomonasmobilis
CO2-Entner-Doudoroff.
.

.
Caulobacterales:5
Caulobacteraceae-

..,:
Caulobacter
",,
,."

,,,

.


.(Diminuta-),Psudomonas-:Brevundimonas
(,B.vesicularis-B.diminuta
.


Rhizobiales:6
Rhizobiaceae-

,:
Rhizobium
R.leguminosarum.
.
R.fredii-R.tropici.

:Agrobacterium
(A.tumefaciens-)A.radiobacter.urease,
A.rhizogenes,(crowngal)
A.rubi
-,,A.vitis,-
.
A.radiobacter-Ti
.("")

,:
Sinorhizobiummelitoti
.


Bartonellaceae-

.,Rickettsia-,:Bartonella
B.henselae.Grahamellae-Rochalimaea
,bacillaryangiomatosis-,(catscratchdisease)
(B.bacilliformis.
.,
Phlebotomus,
.(OroyafeverCarriondisease).
B.quintana-(endocarditis)B.elizabethae
.,(trenchfever)
,B.talpae,Grosseisle(voles),B.vinsonii
.
B.doshiae-B.tailorii,B.grahamii,B.peromysci


Brucellaceae-

.,,:
Brucella
Biovars)-,
,.(
B.melitensis
B.suis,B.abortus,B.melitensis:
.
B.canis-
,),-

-.(
Bang,
.



Phillobacteriaceae-

.:
Phillobacterium

.,:
Mesorhizobiumloti


Beijerinckiaceae-

,:
Beijerinckia
...

.,:Derxiagummosa


Bradyrhizobiaceae-

,:
Bradyrhizobium
.,B.elkanii-B.japonicum

.,Rickettsia-Bartonella-,,:Afipia
,A.Cleveladensis.A.felis
.A.brommeae

,,:
Nitrobacter
.N.winogradskyi,
.,


.:
Blastobacter

,,15
:Rhodopseudomonas
R.palustris.-.-
.
R.acidophila.


Hyphomicrobiaceae-

,,:
Rhodomicrobiumvannielii
.-

.,,
2:Rhodoplanes
.

,:Azorhizobiumcaulinodans
.Sesbaniarostrata


Rhodobiaceae-

.,,
2:Rhodobium
.

b-
.II
)()
:(



Burkholderiales:1
Burkholderiaceae-

:(
Solonaceum-(Pseudomonas)Burkholderia
B.cepacia.-100
(
Bacterialrot)
,
glanders-B.mallei.
.melioidosis-B.pseudomallei.
,B.caryophylli.flowerrot-B.gladioli
.B.glumae-B.andropogonis


Ralstoniaceae-

,R.
solanacearum.:Ralstonia
.,,Bacterialwilt-
,
,R.eutrophus
.


Alcaligenaceae-

,,:
Alcaligenes
.-()
A.xylosoxidans.(A.xylosoxidans)
,
A.denitrificans.
,alcaligin
()siderophore-
A.fecalis.
.(A.odorans)"".

,.,:Bordetella
("")B.parapertussis,()B.pertussis
,()B.bronchiseptica-
(B.holmesii
-B.hinzii,-B.avium)
,.

.,

,.
((
.,

Corynebacteriumdyphteriae)
.
,(Clostridiumtettani-


Comamonadaceae
-

.:(
Acidovorans-Pseudomonas)Comamonas
.,,,
,C.acidovorans-.,C.testosteroni
C.terrigena.(muconicacid)
.
DialkylSulfosuccinate

.:(
Alcaligenes-Pseudomonas-)Avidovorax
,A.delafieldii,A.facillis.,
.
A.temperans-

.,(sheathed)
,:Leptothrix


Hydrogenophilales:2
Hydrogenafilaceae-

,,:Thiobacillus
T.denitrificans-,T.intermedius.-
.T.ferroxidans.


Neisseriales:4
Neisseriaceae-

.24:Neisseria
.
.(35
(C37-(C)-
,N.meningitidis:.CO2-
.,
N.gonorrhoeae-,(bacterialmeningitis)

K.denitrificans.:Kingella
.,K.kingae-
K.oralis.,K.kingae,
.


.
:Eikenellacorrodens
.
.


,,:Simonsiella
.


Nitrosomonadales:5
Nitrosomonadaceae-

,,:
Nitrosomonaseuropaea
.,,.

.,,:
Nitrosococcus
N.mobile.(--
.-



Spirillaceae-

.,,:Spirillumvolutans


Gallionellaceae-

,,(sheated)
:Gallionellaferruginea
.


.Pseudomonas-:Xanthomonas
..xanthomonadins

2.Pseudomonas-:Stenotrophomonas

.S.maltophilia-S.africana

..:Xylellafastidiosa


Cardiobacteriales:3
Cardiobacteriaceae-

.Kingella:Suttonellaindologenes
..,

.,,-:Cardiobacteriunhominis
..

footrot-,:Dichelobacter(Bacteroides)nodosus
.


Thiotrichales:4
Thiotrichaceae-

.,:Thiothrix
.

.,,:
Beggiatoa
.,

0.7-0.5)700-500,:Thiomargaritanamibiensis
.(vacuole)(

.,,:Thioploca
.

Francisellaceae-

F.tularensis.:Francisella
,).
,
tularemia-.,-,(
.,

.
F.philomiragia-F.novicida


Legionellales:5
Legionellaceae-

.,,:Legionella
""L.pneumophile.
.Pontiacfever
.(Legionnaires'disease)

Coxiellaceae
-

Q.,Rickettsia-:Coxiellaburnetii
.(Qfever)

..
Rickettsia-:Rickettsiellagrylii


Pseudomonadales:8
Pseudomonadaceae-

:()
Pseudomonas
.(UV)-,-
P.aeruginosa.-80
,
P.flurescens.-
.
P.putida


Azotobacteraceae
-

,,:
Azotobacter
(cysts).
A.chroococcum-.
.


,,:
Azomonas
..

.
O.ureolytica-O.urethralis,"":Oligella
.
.


Moraxellaceae-

.:
Acinetobacter
..()()

-)
Neisseria:Branhamella
.RNA--((

.:
Moraxella
.-


Vibrionales:10
Vibrionaceae-

.,,:Vibrio
V.cholerae.-
-
V.parahemolytica.()
V.costicola-V.comma.("",)
Photobacteriumdamsella,V.vulnificus.
)""

,.(

.,()


P.damsella.:Photobacterium
.""


Aeromonadales:11
Aeromonadaceae-

A.hydrophila.:Aeromonas
.,A.punctata-


Succinivibrionaceae-

)
Bacteroides-:Ruminobacter
-,R.amylophilus,.(Flavobacteria-
.



Enterobacteriales:12
Enterobacteriaceae-
.-,

.,,-

"".,

,
Serratia,Klebsiella,Escherichia,
.(tribes)
"".,Enterobacter

Escherichieae-(1)

,
E.coli.,:Escherichia
,,
,.

,
EPEC).,,
,,(
VTEC-EHEC,EIEC,ETEC
.

,Escherichia.:Shigella
S.flexneri,S.sonnei,S.dysenteriae,.DNA-
.
(dysentery),S.boydii-

Edwardswelleae-(2)

,
H2S,E.tarda.:Edwardswella
.E.hoshinae.
.
E.ictaluri

Salmonelleae-(3)

,,:
Salmonella
,(S.typhosa)S.typhy:.
S.enteridis.S.enteridis-,S.cholerasuis,(typhoidfever)
S.typhimurium:-2200
S.enteridisvarS.paratyphy-,S.enteridisvartyphimurium
.paratyphy
.-,

Citrobactereae-(4)

.,,:
Citrobacter
()C.diversus-C.freundii
.,

Klebsielleae-(5)

.,,:
Klebsiella
-,K.pneumoniae
..-

,:
Enterobacter
,-,E.cloacae-E.aerogenes..
.-


.:
Serratia
S.marcescens.-
.
(prodigiosin)

.
Enterobacter:Hafniaalvei
,,,.
.(젖malt
).

P.agglomerans.Erwinia-Enterobacter-,:Pantoea
(Schistocercagregaria).
.
P.citrea-P.punctata,P.ananas.
.(
pearlmillet-foxtailmillet)(bacterialwilt)P.stewartii

proteae-(6)

.(
swarming),:Proteus
,ureaseP.mirabilis-P.vulgaris
,pH-.(NH4OH)
.,

,Proteus-:Providencia
.urease.-,

.,,
M.morganii,:Morganella
.urease.-
.,,


Yersinieae-(7)

Y.pestis.-,:Yersinia
Y.enterolitica.(plague)
Y.pseudotuberculosis.
.(pseudoappendicytis
)
.
Y.frederiksenii-Y.intermedia



.:
Buchneraaphidicola

.:
Erwinia
.

.,,:
Photorhabdusluminicens

P.shigelloides.Vibrionaceae-:Plesiomonas
.-,-
.,



Pasteurellales:13
Pasteurellaceae-

.,:
Pasteurella
,-
-,
P.multocida.
.


,:
Actinobacillus
,(A.pleuropneumoniae,)Haemophilus,(A.ureae,)Pasteurella
.

),-,:
Haemophilus
H.influenzae.,((
-
,
(capsule),B.
.,

,,
H.ducreyi,,H.aegiptus:
,,,,
H.aphrophilus-
.


d-
.IV
:,.,7
.(7
)Myxobacteria-(6)Bdellovibrionales-(5-1)

:5-1
,-
,,.
,
Desufonema,Desulfovibrio,Desulforomonas,Desulfobacter:
.
Desufobulbus-Desulfosarcina


Bdellovibrionales:6
Bdellovibrionaceae-

,,,:
Bdellovibrio
,,.
,.

.B.stolpii-B.starrii,B.bacteriovorus.'


Myxococcales:7
(Myxobacteria-
,
Sorangium,Myxococcus.
.,
Cystobacter,Nanocystis,Stigmatella


e-
.V
:,(-,()-

Campylobacterales:1
Campylobacteraceae-

,,,:
Campylobacter
,
C.jejuni..
C.curva.()C.coli
,C.jejuniO:19.
.Guillain-Barresyndrom


(aerotolerant):Arcobacter
.A.nitrofigillis.Campylobacter


Helicobacteraceae-

H.pylory.Campylobacter-:Helicobacter
pH-,urease.
(ulcers)(gastritis).(Proteus-)
.
H.felis.()

,,,:
Wolinella
,.
.
W.succinogens.



Made with e2 - 2

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.-2003"
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